It is unknown how many additional civilians were injured. Congressman from Baltimore. Baltimore fell under military rule. They begged President Abraham Lincoln to bring troops to Washington via an alternative route, but as Lincoln drily noted, his soldiers could not fly or burrow under the state; … Maryland, My Maryland! On April 19, 1861, the first blood of the American Civil War is shed when a secessionist mob in Baltimore attacks Massachusetts troops bound for Washington, D.C. … He was replaced as commander of the Department of Annapolis by George Cadwalader, another Brigadier General in the United States Volunteers. Coincidentally, it was about the same time that the alarm bell had been rung in Concord, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775 warning of… Result:Confederate sympathisers ultimately suppressed. Background Baltimore riot of 1861. Maryland, My Maryland. Baltimore 1861 Dennis Ahern will address this topic at the Boston Public Library Orientation Room, McKim Building 230 Dartmouth Street, Copley Square Wednesday, October 12th at 6:00 p.m. Every year, on April 19th, we are reminded of the minutemen who went to the bridge in Concord in 1775. The Baltimore riot of 1968 was a period of civil unrest that lasted from April 6 to April 14, 1968, in Baltimore.The uprising included crowds filling the streets, burning and looting local businesses, and confronting the police and national guard. Baltimore riot of 1861 is similar to these military conflicts: 6th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Timeline of Baltimore in the 19th century, President Street Station and more. The troops then marched back down Pratt Street, led by a man carrying a rebel flag, and followed by the mob. Civilians who had demonstrated secessionist sympathies were arrested and taken to Fort McHenry, where they were held without charge. Marshal Kane put his policemen between the two groups and escorted the troops to Camden Station, where they boarded the train and left Baltimore. National Park Service. Topic. Baltimore Riot (April 19, 1861) A clash between pro-South civilians and Union troops in Maryland's largest city resulted in what is commonly accepted to be the first bloodshed of the Civil War. Gov. After the attack on the soldiers, the office of the Baltimore Wecker, a German-language newspaper, was completely wrecked and the building seriously damaged by the same mob. 2400 East Fort Avenue “The people are exasperated to the highest degree by the passage of troops,” Brown wrote, “and the citizens are universally decided in the opinion that no more should be ordered to come. While there may have been accidents, and maybe a secessionist shot or two during their tour, wounding men of the 6th, the majority of the casualties occurred in the Riot. Union Protestant Infirmary (now MedStar Union Memorial Hospital) established. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict that took place on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland between Confederate sympathizers and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. When a threat was made against Fort McHenry, one of the militia units was sent to help the U.S. Army defend it. They were joined by several regiments of regular United States Army troops under John C. Pemberton (later the Confederate general and commander at the siege of Vicksburg in Mississippi whose surrender in July 1863, resulted in the first split of the Confederacy) returning from duty on the western frontier. Rioters, soldiers, and innocent bystanders fell dead and wounded. Many also felt that Maryland should not permit troops to pass through the state to attack a sister state, and others mistrusted the President's intentions, suspecting that the troops would be used to force Maryland to remain in the Union. 1854-1859. The 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at the President Street Station and began the process of changing trains. The poem was later set to “Lauriger Horatius”, the tune of O Tannenbaum, a melody popular in the South, and referred to the riots with lines such as “Avenge the patriotic gore / That flecked the streets of Baltimore.” It was not until seventy-eight years later that it became Maryland’s state song; there have been efforts to remove it since. Sympathetic Marylanders, who had supported secession ever since John C. Calhoun spoke of nullification, agitated to join Virginia in leaving the Union. The city was also home to the country’s largest population (25,000) of free African Americans, as well as many white abolitionists and supporters of the Union. Supporters of secession and slavery organized themselves into a force called “National Volunteers” while unionists and abolitionists called themselves “Minute Men.”. Lincoln’s opponents were infuriated (and supporters disappointed) when the president-elect, fearing an assassination plot, traveled secretly through the city in February enroute to his inauguration. His torch is at thy temple door, Instead, like so many other Baltimoreans, he found himself engrossed in the events of the day before, and the speculation about what lie ahead. The Mayor bravely attempted to stop the battle without success. Baltimore, MD Sometime after leaving Philadelphia, the unit’s Colonel Edward F. Jones received information that passage through Baltimore “would be resisted”. 21230. Eight rioters, one innocent bystander and three soldiers were killed, twenty four soldiers and an unknown number of civilians wounded. Secessionist sympathy was strong in Baltimore, a border state metropolis. The 8th Massachusetts, with the 7th New York, proceeded to Annapolis Junction (halfway between Baltimore and Washington), and the 7th New York went on to Washington, where, on the afternoon of April 25, they became the first troops to reach the capital by this route. The legislature met on April 26; on April 29, it voted 53–13 against secession, though it also voted not to reopen rail links with the North, and requested that Lincoln remove the growing numbers of federal troops in Maryland. The despot's heel is on thy shore, A Brief History. Baltimore Riot of 1861. Since Annapolis, the capital, was occupied by Federal troops, and Baltimore was harboring many pro-Confederate mobs, Hicks directed the legislature to meet in Frederick, in the predominantly Unionist western part of the state. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia en route to Washington for Federal service. March 20, 2011 On April 15th,1861, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 troops in response to the rebellion that had commenced three days earlier when Confederate forces fired … Sumner Henry Needham is sometimes considered to be the first Union casualty of the war, though he was killed by civilians in a Union state. The 8th Massachusetts arrived by ship at Annapolis on April 20. On April 19, 1861, an angry mob with pro-secessionist intentions attacked US Army troops on the streets of Baltimore, an event known as The Baltimore Riot of 1861, or alternately as The Pratt Street Riot or even the more dramatic Pratt Street Massacre. The publisher later returned and resumed publication of the Wecker which continued throughout the war a firm supporter of the Union cause. (Ironically, federal troops imprisoned the young newspaper editor in Fort McHenry, which, as he noted, was the same fort where the Star Spangled Banner had been waving “o’er the land of the free” in his grandfather’s song.) Avenge the patriotic gore In 1861, most Baltimoreans were anti-War, and did not support a violent conflict with their southern neighbors. But that night, the Pennsylvania troops, later known as “The First Defenders” camped at the U.S. Capitol under the uncompleted dome, which was under construction. Attack on the Massachusetts 6th at Baltimore, April 19, 1861 Summary Men fighting with guns, clubs, stones, etc. In May, less than a month after the riot, General Butler and the 6th Mass. By that time Maryland was an occupied state, and the choice no longer existed. That flecked the streets of Baltimore, As the war began, the city’s divided loyalties created tension. They had gone through the Baltimore Riot on April 19, 1861, as Massachusetts Militia. Marylanders were divided in their sympathies. The soldiers returned the fire. The Baltimore Riot of 1861 . A Google search of "Baltimore riot of 1861" shows me 123,000 results, while "Pratt Street riot" gives 79,800. The Riot The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia enroute to Washington for Federal service. Many more Union troops arrived. Less well known is the story of other men from The two cars returned to the President Street Station and the soldiers disembarked to the howls and jeers of the mob. Lincoln subsequently had the mayor, police chief, entire Board of Police, and the city council of Baltimore imprisoned without charges, as well as one sitting U.S. All but two of the cars had been transferred when the crowd blocked the tracks with timbers and anchors. Maryland! The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, (beginning at the President Street Station and President Street and continuing ending on Howard Street at the Camden Street Station) in Baltimore, Maryland, between antiwar "Copperheads" Democrats (the largest party … On May 13, Butler sent Union troops into Baltimore and declared martial law. Rise of Know Nothing Party; Baltimore riots named city "Mobtown." The measure passed on April 17 with little debate. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts militia enroute to Washington for Federal service. Just before daybreak on June 27, soldiers marched from Ft. McHenry on orders from Major General Nathaniel P. Banks, who had succeeded Cadwalader as commander of the Department of Annapolis, and arrested Marshal George P. Kane. This incident, between members of the 6th Massachusetts Infantry traveling through Baltimore to Washington, D.C., and Southern sympathizers, is considered by many to be the … The 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at the President Street Station and began the process of changing trains. It produced the first deaths by hostile action in the American Civil War. Following the secession of the southern States and the bombardment of Fort Sumter, President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 men to be raised from the militia of the states in order to put down the rebellion. Image 1 of Baltimore and the nineteenth of April 1861; a study of the war. The frightened officers ordered the troops to fire into the crowd. — ADavidB 05:40, 14 July 2012 (UTC) Ah, but a great many of these hits come up due to the title of the Wikipedia article! Rail cars that transferred between the two stations had to be pulled by horses along Pratt Street. In Brown’s later assessment, it was the Baltimore riot that pushed the two sides over the edge into full-scale war, “because then was shed the first blood in a conflict between the North and the South; then a step was taken which made compromise or retreat almost impossible; then passions on both sides were aroused which could not be controlled”. On April 19, Major General Robert Patterson, commander of the Department of Washington (Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia), ordered Brigadier General Benjamin Franklin Butler, with the 8th Massachusetts, to open and secure a route from Annapolis through Annapolis Junction to Washington. Baltimore, April 19, 1861, 10:00AM. Also known as the Pratt Street Riot, only one week had passed since the Confederate attack on Fort Sumter.. Maryland and nearby Delaware were border states.These were the states exposed to Northern influences and culture, but with a Southern exposure too —and numerous Confederate sympathizers. Hicks and the Mayor of Annapolis protested, but Butler (a clever politician) bullied them into allowing troops to land at Annapolis, saying, “‘I must land, for my troops are hungry.’—’No one in Annapolis will sell them anything,’ replied these authorities of the State and city. On July 10, 1861, a grand jury of the United States District Court indicted Samuel Mactier, Lewis Bitter, James McCartney, Philip Casmire, Michael Hooper and Richard H. Mitchell for their part in the riot. Military conflicts similar to or like Baltimore riot of 1861. Baltimore Mayor George William Brown and new Police Marshal (chief) George Proctor Kane anticipated trouble and began efforts to placate the city’s population. According to his later report, Jones went through the railroad cars and gave this order: Indeed, as the militia regiment transferred between stations, a mob of anti-War supporters and Southern sympathizers attacked the train cars and blocked the route. Seven hundred “National Volunteers” of southern sympathizers rallied at the Washington Monument and traveled to the station to confront the combined units of troops, which unbeknownst to them were unarmed and had weapons unloaded.Kane’s city police force generally succeeded in ensuring the Pennsylvania troops’ safe passage marching south on Howard Street to Camden Street Station of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. At Gay Street some of the mob began tearing up paving stones and throwing them at the soldiers. The Governor and Mayor called out the militia to prevent further bloodshed. In the previous year’s presidential election, Abraham Lincoln had received only 1,100 of more than 30,000 votes cast in the city. And be the battle queen of yore, One of the militia leaders was John Merryman, who was arrested one month later, and held in defiance of a writ of habeas corpus, which led to the case of Ex parte Merryman. The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland. The Baltimore Riots happened April 19, 1861. File:Baltimore Riot 1861.jpg. The 6th Massachusetts Infantry arrived at the President Street Station and began the process of changing trains. Four soldiers (Corporal Sumner Needham of Co I and Privates Luther C. Ladd, Charles Taylor, and Addison Whitney of Company D) and twelve civilians were killed in the riot. After the April 19 riot, some small skirmishes occurred throughout Baltimore between citizens and police for the next month, but a sense of normalcy returned as the city was cleaned up. In 1863 Howard wrote about his experience as a political prisoner at Fort McHenry in the book Fourteen Months in the American Bastille; two of the publishers selling the book were then arrested. Kentucky declared its neutrality (although it would eventually join the Union’s side), and although Missouri seceded from the Union on October 31 and was later occupied, a Confederate government-in-exile existed in Arkansas and Texas. Needham is buried in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Nevertheless, stones and bricks were hurled (along with many insults) and Nicholas Biddle, a Black servant traveling with the regiment, was hit on the head. The riot resulted in the first casualty list of the war. Other men were seen brandishing pistols and muskets. Baltimore quickly felt the effects of the riot. When the old Board of Police would not recognize the new police, and tried to continue the old police, they were arrested and sent to Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. The Riot On April 19, 1861, only five days after the surrender of Fort Sumter, the situation in Baltimore exploded into violence. While the battle of Ft Sumter saw no deaths on either side, the Baltimore Riots saw the first deaths of the civil war. James Ryder Randall, a teacher in Louisiana but a native Marylander who had lost a friend in the riots, wrote “Maryland, My Maryland” for the Southern cause in response to the riots. 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