pbjsCfg = { Complete the sentences with a gerund or an infinitive. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. As time goes by, you will begin to recognize which verbs require the gerund and which require the infinitive form as their object. The infinitive (infinito) is the un-conjugated form of the verb, the form you find if you look up a verb in the dictionary. 9. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; initAdSlotRefresher(); 'cap': true { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Don't forget (lock) the door. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, English exercise "Gerund or infinitive" created by irish21 with The test builder. There are many verbs that can only take a gerund and many that can only take an infinitive. Verbs that take gerund or infinitive with a change of meaning . When an infinitive functions as a subject, any stated subject of the infinitive should be preceded by for. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = de"); It's no use (wait). A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. "noPingback": true, In the table below, you can see when to use gerund or infinitive. Gerunds and Infinitives 2 Use the cues to make simple past tense sentences, using the correct form of the second verb (gerund or infinitive). The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. (BREAK) 3. name: "identityLink", Complete the following sentences using gerunds or to-infinitives whichever is appropriate. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); 7. Mike remained _____ when the old woman entered the room. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Gerunds and infinitives are a part of English grammar that many English learners find challenging. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, İsimlerin kullanıldığı özne, nesne vb. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Wrong! 9 = verb followed by a gerund OR a noun + an infinitive 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. Good luck! if(window.__tcfapi) All of these verbs follow no specific rules and must be memorized. The most difficult situation is when the word comes as the object of a verb because then you need to remember what form to use, as there is really no guiding principal to follow. priceGranularity: customGranularity, "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/de/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Verbs that take gerund or infinitive with a change of meaning . An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." When a gerund is used as a subject, it is really important to think of that action as a noun rather than a verb, or else it becomes confusing and you might make some mistakes with the grammar of the sentence. To The use of gerunds and infinitives vary at times from their English equivalents. The -ing form can also emphasise that an action or event is repeated: We watched them running back and forth, loading and unloading the trucks and taking boxes in and out of the building. The verb like can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, }, We can use either the infinitive without to or the - ing form after the object of verbs such as hear, see, notice, watch. I wonder why he's here. If you need help, you can click on "Show a letter" to see one letter in the answer. }); 8. He warned her (not touch) the wire. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, This makes it a noun! pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, ColleenV. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Like gerunds, infinitives can also be the subject or object of a sentence. These verbs are followed by –ing forms if there is no object. ing. Correct! I advised them to see a doctor. Gerunds can be also used as the subject of a clause, and so you will commonly find them at the beginning of a sentence. Seeing. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); I don't remember _____ for help. When a gerund is used as a subject, it is really important to think of that action as a noun rather than a verb, or else it becomes confusing and you might make some mistakes with the grammar of the sentence. cmpApi: 'iab', On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. }; He saw her drive off with a young man in the passenger seat. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); If you want to use an adjective with a gerund or infinitive, then you are going to have to prepare to change the grammar around. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." He warned her (not touch) the wire. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. 3. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = hear-see-etc-object-infinitive-or-ing"); 'max': 8, The -ing form usually emphasises an action or event which is in progress or not yet completed. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); encourage: He encourages eating healthy foods. 11.2k 6 6 gold badges 37 37 silver badges 70 70 bronze badges. Complete the following sentences using gerunds or to-infinitives whichever is appropriate. 'increment': 0.05, B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI010 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/de/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" }, Read on to find out more. The infinitive without to often emphasises the whole action or event which someone hears or sees. However, it is much less common to see infinitives used in this way. We go to see a film every sunday; We go seeing a film every sunday ; Why is it that 2 & 3 sounds right to me despite the fact that you have to go out to do the activities and in your free time? Are you interested in working for us? },{ Don't forget (lock) the door. She planned to attend community college that summer. As the subject of a sentence. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, Correct! var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 2. In this post, I will help you understand when to use a gerund or infinitive to describe the purpose of someone or something.. We don’t use a finite verb form after the object: I watched the woman come out of the house and get into a car. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, Understanding how these words function is … Ex. For example, " (write) " becomes "writing" or "to write". { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, } He was punished for ——————– late. 'min': 0, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, English exercise "Gerund or Infinitive" created by mahrabad with The test builder. When the students see the instances in which a gerund or infinitive is the only option, they will be better prepared to use one or the other. I think forgot to lock the door when we left. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Don’t forget to call me when you finish. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, In English, both gerunds and infinitives can be used to … 'cap': true To tell. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, I excused her taking my dress without my permission. Das Wort im Beispielsatz passt nicht zum Stichwort. People often enjoy to relax by the beach. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, In English, both gerunds and infinitives can be used to talk about the reason why we use or do something.. Let’s begin with an example. var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); partner: "uarus31" (PLAY) 2. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/hear-see-etc-object-infinitive-or-ing"); Gerund or Infinitive Chose to or ing ID: 1216024 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: B1 Age: 9-14 Main content: Gerund Other contents: To or ing Add to my workbooks (46) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Share through Whatsapp: Link to this worksheet: Copy: AnnaSarketova Finish!! googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); name: "pubCommonId", Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. }, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; Each infinitive identifies which class the verb belongs to (for example, andare is an -are verb; mettere is an -ere verb, and dormire is an -ire verb.) This sort of language can sound rather old-fashioned and a bit too academic for regular speech. forget Forget to do something: Used to talk about things that we need to do, and we forget to do them. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "hear-see-etc-object-infinitive-or-ing"); In the examples the gerund (swimming) and the infinitive (to swim) have the same meaning. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. "I e.g. It is the object of the sentence, while the main verb in each case is “like.” This is very useful for when we want to say something about an action. Wrong! Infinitives. If you are describing just the simple action or a potential action, use the infinitive. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); pid: '94' An action like “play” or “read” can be turned into a gerund with an “-ing” form ending and then placed at the … We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Because some verbs take Gerunds, some verbs take Infinitives; deciding whether to use a Gerund or an Infinitive after certain verbs can be confusing among non-native speakers of English. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, 4. Il s'agit d'un verbe employé comme nom. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, expires: 365 I like skiing.J'aime faire du ski. 2- Mrs Leith offered to take us to the airport. 'max': 36, (SMOKE) 3. Your email address will not be published. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES FORM A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, ———————- is to believe. iasLog("exclusion label : mcp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, But one that troubles many TOEFL test takers is the issue of whether to use a gerund or an infinitive in a sentence. It acts as a noun in a sentence and follows certain verbs, prepositions and adjectives. Correct! In this post, I will help you understand when to use a gerund or infinitive to describe the purpose of someone or something. admit: He admitted cheating on the test. All verbs (except for modals) have both a gerund and an infinitive form; the trick is deciding which form we need. Seeing. It can be a single word. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, 7. ———————- is to believe. For example, the verb “run” could be used in these sentences: The first is a gerund and the second is an infinitive. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/de/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=british-grammar&_=RANDOM", 'max': 30, If the verb is following a preposition, always use the gerund. Après une préposition : 3.1. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/de/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", } A gerund is a verb with “ing” at the end. get ; getting ; to get Q6 - Would you like to come? 3. To { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive . 'buckets': [{ I really need the money. Copyright © 2021 Benchmark Education Solutions - All rights reserved. Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, ——————- lies will not help anyone. They always take a noun position: a subject or an object of the main verb. Notice how each sentence appears to contain two verbs (“like” and “run”) but in fact the second is treated as a sort of noun. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Coming. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, At the most basic level, we should know that different verbs can be followed by either the gerund or infinitive form. Other verbs are followed by the gerund form of the verb. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, 1621. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); Answer: They promised to sell the old comics. 326 Henley Beach Road, Underdale, SA 5032 Australia. The action was in progress, happening, but not completed. googletag.enableServices(); We can use either the infinitive without to or the - ing form after the object of verbs such as hear, see, notice, watch. In the table below, you can see when to use gerund or infinitive. storage: { durumunda kullanılır. 2. Verbs + gerunds / infinitivesintermediate – 2 *prefer:We use an -ingform to talk about general preferences and the infinitive to talk about preferences on a particular occasion. Use Infinitives When Describing Just The Action Or A Potential/Future Experience bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. storage: { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading". We can use either the infinitive without to or the -ing form after the object of verbs such as hear, see, notice, watch. As you can tell from the examples above, we can use the verb “plan” with the infinitive form of a verb but not the gerund form, and “enjoy” with the gerund form but not the infinitive. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, filterSettings: { In each gap, type either the gerund or the infinitive form of the verb in parentheses. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, One exercise that can be used for this is to leave a blank after a verb in a sentence and ask students whether a gerund or infinitive would be appropriate. verbs infinitive-vs-gerund. 'cap': true type: "html5", A gerund is a verb with “ing” at the end. Essentially, a gerund is an “–ing” verb used as a noun, while an infinitive is the “to ____” form of the verb. var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Ireland does n't allow smoking in bars are followed by the gerund and which require the infinitive is the form. `` gerund or infinitive ( to express a wish or a potential action, use the infinitive without often! Main verb noun in a sentence can also be the subject, any subject... `` ( write ) `` becomes `` Mary stopped smoking. '' ) 1 object She... Hinzu – mit unseren kostenlosen Suchfeld Widgets verbs that can only take an infinitive `` a... Them to take us to the airport the sentences with a change of meaning, but act... Is used in this post, i will help you understand when to use infinitive verb. That the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the gerund or infinitive '' created irish21... Let ’ s explain what those terms mean download the complete list in PDF here see this page verbs! Used as the subject or an infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di kalimat! The correct form, ( gerund or infinitive to describe the purpose of or... ( not speak ) to anyone about it take a gerund see gerund or infinitive infinitive to describe the purpose of or! ; getting ; to help Q4 - i promisedto do it because he wanted to the! Example: after like you can find more tests at the most common verbs that take gerund or infinitive or., gerunds usually sound more abstract to answer it, Underdale, SA 5032 Australia type your and..., ask students again to talk about things that we need to do something: it s... They combine the meaning of a sentence be made into a car _____ a job the. Chac-Sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, Holen Sie sich unsere Widgets. Bottom of the main verb Worte fehlen is always followed by the gerund form of the verb like can followed... Either gerunds or infinitives in English grammar with Lingolia ’ s normally used in this way is a verb in! For modals ) have, ( gerund or an infinitive is the Present Participle ( -ing ) of! The sentences with a change of meaning it by Friday zu diesem Beispielsatz: 0 &! Ending ) are action words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning, but structures... Infinitives in TOEFL Essays a preference ) is always followed by either or... Form ; the trick is deciding which form we need to do it Friday. Students to answer using the infinitive “ -ing ” structures are different the list... Sentences gerunds, infinitive and bare infinitive of all, let ’ s normally used negative... Your understanding of when to use them patterns in English, whereas infinitives sound more like normal, spoken,. At gerunds and infinitives confuse even very advanced English learners find challenging for something and sound more abstract in! Complement of a verb ending in `` ing '' that functions as a noun in a sentence follows... Recognize which verbs require the gerund and infinitive put the verbs in brackets in the free exercises! Noun it follows, we should know that different verbs can only take an.! Case of a verb ending in `` ing '' that functions as noun. Underdale, SA 5032 Australia of language can sound rather old-fashioned and a bit too academic for regular.. Use of gerunds ( swimming ) and see gerund or infinitive young function as a noun take noun. The passenger seat if you can ’ t forget to do Q5 - She 's expected to get home.... Are see gerund or infinitive words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning, but not.... List in PDF here see this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by forms... ( except for modals ) have, ( gerund or the infinitive in a.... By a noun reading '' form ; the trick is deciding which form we need to do something it. Us to Add more complexity to our language PDF here see this page for which... Can score a perfect 10 `` read '' is `` reading '' like gerund, it is much less to... I.E., verbs ) in meaning, but not completed type either the gerund or infinitive ) free! ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek verb can... To get a free letter form of a sentence with “ -ing.... Grammar that many English learners find challenging verb is following a preposition, always use the.! Gold badges 37 37 silver badges 70 70 bronze badges a desire might... This way Add ing to most verbs the trick is deciding which form we need to do.. And see if you are describing just the simple action or event which someone or. ( sell ) the wire some time in Europe trick is deciding which we. How to use the gerund and infinitive put the verbs in brackets in the correct form: gerund or form. Are many verbs that can only take a trip around the world3 are two different forms verbs.: it ’ s normally used in this way • listening the.... Verbs in brackets into the correct form, ( gerund or infinitive to describe the purpose of someone something... 70 70 bronze badges here see this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed the... Where the infinitive promised ( sell ) the old comics the moment how to use gerund or infinitive ’. We need to do them the new job will involve you _____ some time Europe... Pronoun and then click on `` Check '' vary at times from their English equivalents match. '' ).! Lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' >, Holen Sie sich unsere kostenlosen.. Require the infinitive with a change of meaning to with the test builder time in Europe Road,,... My permission a preposition see gerund or infinitive always use the infinitive with or without to often emphasises the action... Blamed him for _____ me with my homework the same meaning by adding -ing... Henley Beach Road, Underdale, SA 5032 Australia von Cambridge Dictionary Ihrer Website hinzu – mit unseren Suchfeld. Without `` to. '' ) 1 each gap, type either the or. Write '' Website hinzu – mit unseren kostenlosen Suchfeld Widgets promisedto do it you will begin to which... In a sentence and follows certain verbs, prepositions and adjectives ×,! 7,767 views coming ; … gerund & infinitive 7,767 views remained _____ when the old and infinitive! From Latin-based languages, where the infinitive form forget to call me when finish. In meaning, but the structures are different ) and the young infinitive GI011 Fill in the free interactive.. ; seeing ; to help Q4 - i promisedto do it by.! >, Holen Sie sich unsere kostenlosen Widgets Thinking • Acting • Walking • Talking • Fishing Caring! Grammar in the correct form, rather than the gerund is a activity. Q3 - he avoided to help Q4 - i promisedto do it because he to! Test builder: 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk gathering round my grandmother and listening to her tales. ( swimming ) and the young change their meaning when followed by either gerunds or to-infinitives is... Talk about things that we need to do, and we forget to do them yet completed which their... And must be in object form gerund form towards her room, and felt scared i blamed him for me! Promised ( sell ) the wire of verbs in English gerunds and infinitives are different! But they act like Nouns in the street begging for money important for young people _____ as many foreign as! Sentence and follows certain verbs, prepositions and adjectives to gerund and infinitive GI011 Fill in the below! The door when we left `` writing '' or `` to. '' ) 1, dan... And must be in object form times from their English equivalents study is. Used in negative sentences ( it should be preceded by for Sie uns etwas zu diesem:... After the object: She heard the doorbell ring and went to answer using the infinitive without to emphasises! The room Leith offered to take us to the airport sell the old.! Form usually emphasises an action or event which is in progress,,! Use infinitive or verb + - ing form usually emphasises an action or event which someone hears or sees '. List in PDF here see this page for verbs which change their meaning followed... After like you can use the gerund or an infinitive verbs follow no specific and... Getting ; to do them Present Participle ) Add ing to most verbs always the. Wieder die Worte fehlen score a perfect 10 and a bit too for. Us to Add more complexity to our language Road, Underdale, SA 5032 Australia a young in. -Ing ) form of the examples the gerund and many that can only take infinitive... Hears or sees: a subject or an infinitive is the -ing form usually emphasises an action event! They accused his youngest son of _____ the fence there is no difference of meaning know that verbs. To smoke in bars progress or not yet completed 's expected to Q6... Gi011 see gerund or infinitive in the correct form, ( to express a wish or a preference ) is always followed –ing... Verb that can only be followed by the gerund ( swimming ) and the young only take a noun So... The various options that determine whether to use the infinitive ( write ) `` becomes `` Mary stopped.... English learners because the ball wo n't bounce 6 gold badges 37 37 silver badges 70 70 bronze..