The alphabet doesn't help a beginner with google searching, obviously. (although I suspect he was probably more interested in wrapping paper than new toys at his age) . For the first or second year student, I would heartily agree that Modern Greek isn’t going to… We had our son’s first Christmas which was really special! I didn’t do much of this in college because it was widely regarded as unnecessary (why translate into a language that nobody speaks anymore?) I look forward to your review about MT Greek for sure. It is pronounced more closely to modern Greek. Assimil has a modern Greek course which I have, but it’s only in their German or French base. The pictures are described in Koine Greek beginning with simple words, before progressing to phrases, full sentences, and eventually short story sequences, all in the language. They offered me another free sample – MT Total Greek – to give the product a second chance. Modern Greek is basically based on demotic Greek and also has traits of katharevousa. Ranieri’s Greek Pronunciation Chronology Spreadsheet:https://bit.ly/RanieriGreekPronunciationAncient Greek has been revived as a spoken language. In the Greek Orthodox Church, we use the “modern” pronunciation for κοινή. With my knowledge of Koine, I could read a few paragraphs in modern Greek. For example, I came up with an approach called ‘chunking‘ (developed on the back of Michael Lewis’ Lexical Approach) which has been enormously successful for me personally and has also grown a lot in popularity over the last few years (other language bloggers have even adopted it from me). Also, for koine, I would highly recommend checking out Dobson’s “Learn New Testament Greek.” It seems to be the closest method (for a “dead” language) to yours that I’ve seen. It is important to know that Greek belongs to the Greek group of the Indo-European family of languages. When comparing the two Greek languages, Koine Greek was much more practical than academic. The grammar and pronunciation of modern Greek has traces in Koine Greek. The reason I am saying "more or less" is because some words have changed meaning over the last centuries, and this sometimes leads to misunderstandings. My parish church (Greek Orthodox) has a school attached to it, mostly for the kids but they do have adult classes. and 300 A.D. Usually, there are two main schools of pronunciation: Erasmian vs Modern. Koine Greek was the language that was spoken during the post-classical antiquity. If you learn the Greek alphabet that is a start. producing the language). Great to hear from you. Modern Greek is basically based on demotic Greek and also has traits of katharevousa. So I’m just now arriving back at the point of picking up where I left off. I’m itching to get back into language study. As I’ve shared often in the past, the first foreign language that I attempted as an adult (in college) was a language that’s no longer spoken. I hope you had a great Christmas and New Year celebrating wherever you are in the world! The real problem with the resources is that there is an abundance of them for complete Beginners but not for Intermediate learners -or when you feel you want to get a real feel of the language and of native speakers. As for Modern Greek, you’ll be surprised to hear that I’ve decided to give Michel Thomas a second chance. But I’ve never had a chance to reapply this learning approach to the ancient/written languages I took in my earlier years. It's mainly the many grammatical forms that Koine uses that makes it so different. There are various periods of the Greek language, e.g., Proto-Greek, Mycenaean Greek, Ancient Greek, Koine Greek, Modern, and Medieval Greek. How much koine did you remember from your college days before you embarked on this plan? The middle phases: Koine and Byzantine Greek Koine. But I think that New Year’s resolutions rarely work out for most of us. That’s just how it’s always been...I’m very interested in this project of yours. Learn about the best language resources that I've personally test-driven. I'm pretty curious actually, because I haven't seen anyone try both simultaneously. About 15 million people around the world, especially in Greece and Cyprus, speak Greek. But trends seem to be changing fairly quickly. One thing I’ll be doing differently is focusing on the English -> Greek translations (i.e. I plan to learn Greek as well starting in the next year or so. (The FSI places Romanian in its first, easiest, category.). 3.The grammar and pronunciation of modern Greek has traces in Koine Greek. The US Foreign Services Institute places modern Greek in its fourth category of difficulty for English speakers, up there with Russian and Polish. and updated on April 24, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Koine Greek and Modern Greek, Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Difference Between Ancient and Modern Greek, Difference Between Ancient and Modern Hebrew, Difference Between Metaphor and Personification, Difference Between Free Speech and Call to Action, Difference Between Conformity and Nonconformity, Difference Between Quarantine and Self Isolation, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. But in the case of modern Greek, the future tense is very prevalent. “How to plan/prepare/accomplish your language goals for the New Year.”. It does indeed seem tough to me. Some of my friends from Egypt have been working with. It’s also just time for me to take up a new challenge as I had a long break over 2017 for language learning and 2016 was too hectic to accomplish much (getting married and all). Surprisingly, Koine Greek is closer to Modern Greek than English from the time of Shakespeare is to Modern English. For vocab training, there seem to be some great courses up on Memrise that I’ll make use of at least initially. In Modern Greek, it has given up the optative mood, dative class, dual number and infinitive that were prevalent in ancient Greek. It’s an experiment. I once tried to learn the 'Πάτερ Ήμών' in Greek but it took me ages just to learn the first third of it. Firstly, to find out just how useful a linguistic ancestor is to learning a modern-day, spoken language. Ancient Greek vs Modern Greek . An overview of syntax & semantics 1.1 The layered structure of the clause 1.1.1 The nucleus, core, and clause 1.1.2 Verbal and non-verbal predicates 1.1.3 Arguments & Adjuncts 1.1.4 Special syntactic positions 1.1.5 Operators 1.2 Predicate-types 1.2.1 States 1.2.2 Activities & active achievements 1.2.3 Achievements 1.2.4 Accomplishment … I intend to use Modern Greek pronunciation too to read Koine as it really doesn't matter to me being a literary language that I'll never need to speak. Although I’ve experimented a little bit here and there with podcasting and video, being the absolute contrarian that I am I’ve tended to stick with what I like and what I’m good at despite what everyone else is doing. Unlike Old English and Modern English, I’ve been told (and correct me if I’m wrong on this! So historically speaking, it’s probably the most consequential language in history as it facilitated the early spread of Christianity across the Roman Empire and changed Europe. Koine was already a functioning language used by diverse ethnic groups all over the East Mediterranean for centuries, and as such it had solved the basic needs of a decent sample of human population. April 24, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/language/difference-between-koine-greek-and-modern-greek/ >. I’m starting back with my very first textbook for Κοινὴ Greek. It will be interesting to see how you manage learning the two different varieties of Greek together. I'm told the Greek Orthodox Church, in its liturgies, uses the old language but with modern pronunciation. Koine Greek was the language that was spoken during the post-classical antiquity (300 BC to 300 AD). How are your studies coming? Koine is without doubt the most consequential language in history. We also got to spend another fun month holidaying back home in Australia. The Modern Literal Version was created for those who truly want to know what God's Koine Greek Bible says but cannot read it directly. The fairly uniform spoken Greek that gradually replaced the local dialects after the breakdown of old political barriers and the establishment of Alexander’s empire in the 4th century bce is known as the Koine (hē koinē dialektos ‘the common language’), or “Hellenistic Greek.” Attic, by virtue of the undiminished … It’s an older edition but I may purchase the newer edition soon that has an audio component. Half the Bible was originally written in it (all the original Gospel accounts and letters). But I’m committed to being more adventurous this year. Part II: Syntax, semantics, & discourse 1. Best of luck with your Greek studies, Naomi. Origin and History: Temporally, Modern Greek has its origins in the Hellenistic Koine (see the chapter on Ancient Greek), since many of the changes that constitute the key differences between Ancient and Modern Greek are evident in nascent form in the Koine (though some ran to completion only later). With lots of tentative travel plans to share with you soon. Koiné Greek, also known as Hellenistic and Biblical Greek, evolved from Attic and is a more recent dialect. I'll let you know my thoughts after I receive it. . Hodder Education actually contacted me about my review. This language is also called biblical, New Testament or patristic Greek as it was the language used in the New Testament and of church fathers. Others have proposed what is probably a fairly accurate reconstruction of first-century Koine. […], […] you may know, I shared that my plan for this year was to focus on improving my Koine Greek and attempting Modern (spoken) […], […] I mentioned in my last post, I’ve committed myself to learning Modern Greek to conversational fluency […], How To Read And Pronounce The Russian Alphabet (Cyrillic), How To Say Hello In Arabic And Respond (Formal + Informal), Different Ways To Ask 'How Are You?' Koine, also spelled koiné, originally, a contact variety of the Greek language that was spoken throughout the eastern Mediterranean region during the Hellenic and Roman empires. I too would love to see his response to this. Koine Greek is the Greek language used between 300 B.C. It is said that Koine Greek was developed within the armies of Alexander the Great. It was spoken across most of the developed world at the time. I will sign up for a semester to see what I can gain from formal lessons, but I am very interested in following your process! He has one or two videos about it. I’m taking up Modern Greek at the same time and aiming for conversational fluency this year. Unlike Old English and Modern English, I’ve been told (and correct me if I’m wrong on this! Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. 2.Koine Greek was developed from the Attic dialect. Greek is spoken today by approximately 12–15 million people, mainly in Greece and Cyprus, but also by minority and immigrant communities in many other countries. When compared to Ancient Greek, the modern version has adopted gerund. My MT review ended up being one of my most controversial posts and positions yet (people either strongly agreed or strongly disagreed). Yes, Koine is nowadays the language used at Church and this is the only place where we listen to it really. YouTube, Instagram, iTunes/Stitcher, Facebook. One possible cause for confusion when learning both varieties of Greek is pronunciation; as far as I know, some of the sounds are pronounced differently in modern Greek from how the Ancient Greek textbooks tell you to pronounce them. Also, when I say "an abundance" it's not compared to English, is only compared to other levels in Greek. I strongly suggest to use Language Transfer to help you learn modern Greek, it is a 1000 times better than Michel Thomas, plus it is free and covers more material. This will be the first time (another experiment) where I’m using an ancient language as a foundation to learning a modern, conversational language. Learning the 'Tatăl Nostru' in Romanian, on the other hand, took me only a couple of hours, even though I'm only at beginner level in that language. My goal for 2018 is to learn a spoken language and its written ancestor simultaneously. I'm an Applied Linguistics graduate, teacher and translator with a passion for language learning (especially Arabic). . Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. But I think that depends on what you mean and what context you intend to use Modern Greek. Get my exclusive language learning content delivered straight to your inbox. Knowing modern Greek fluently and deeply will give you all sorts of knowledge when you then want to learn Koine. I am wondering how it is going, learning both koine and modern Greek. The Greek article is a little declinable word which has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. Wasn't aware that Steve is learning it either. Admittedly, everything I’ve applied is for spoken languages. And lastly, you can say "τα λέμε" for chat soon! The language of Greek has been developed through many centuries. Robertson characterizes Koiné Greek as a later development of Classical Greek, that is, the dialect spoken in Attica (the region around Athens) during the classical period. 6.Koine can be termed as the immediate ancestor to modern Greek. I’ll also be creating my own audio tracks (more on how I do this later). I originally wanted to master Κοινὴ Greek back then and even continue on to a PhD but as you know, I ended up taking a very different direction with Arabic. Greek was the lingua franca (any language used for communication among speakers of other languages) in the Meditation world in classical antiquity. Steve was using Living Language, but apparently didn't find it very helpful. As far as modern, conversational Greek goes, I know absolutely nothing. We tend to forget about them by about February! 2.Koine Greek was developed from the Attic dialect. Koine Greek was developed from the Attic dialect. I was pretty comfortable with Koine when I took classical Greek. 1.The language of Greek has been developed through many centuries. So I’ll be sharing more about this soon and I’ll update my progress with Greek on other platforms. Let me just say that first. Cate, check this e-dictionary http://www.greek-language.gr/greekLang/modern_greek/tools/lexica/triantafyllides/. This is why, by the way, I usually don’t advocate learning two languages simultaneously – especially ones that are so similar. James version of the Bible on a daily basis, and understand it easily. Cite Have you had any success using Modern or Koine as a surrogate for the other? Koine Greek was the language that was spoken during the post-classical antiquity. And let us know how you find the Duff/Wenham book; I'm thinking of using that myself one day, if I ever do get around to learning Koine Greek! If you want a place to practice Greek with other speakers, I do highly recommend visiting a Greek Orthodox church - they would love to chat with someone who values the language like they do! After a period of time getting comfortable with Attic, I decided to try to tackle Homeric on my own. I’m amazed at how much my own language learning strategies have improved over the last decade. Anyway, best of luck. Prabhat S. "Difference Between Koine Greek and Modern Greek." but now I have the experience to know otherwise. A good but busy end to 2017! Κοινὴ evolved into Byzantine/Medieval Greek and ultimately evolved into the Greek that we have today. I think that in the case of the Greek, the difference is considerably. LingQ helps too. 3.The grammar and pronunciation of modern Greek has traces in Koine Greek. Koine Greek has a simplified grammar, and the sentence construction was simple. I look forward to your updates. The study of all sources from the six centuries which are symbolically covered by Koine reveals linguistic changes from Ancient Greek on elements of the spoken language including grammar, word formation, vocabulary and phonology (sound system). Classical/Koine is to modern Greek as Elizabethan/KJV is to modern English. Technically both Ancient and Koine are Hellenistic (Hellenistic simply means "Greek in origin"). I’m going to start by going through the MT Greek audio course exactly as they recommend I do and then see at the end just how much Greek I’ve learned. DifferenceBetween.net. If Attic Greek is the horse, and Koine Greek is the donkey, well, Septuagint Greek is something of a mule. Koine (unlike Greek of the Classical period) is more or less readable by an educated modern Greek speaker. It is the dialect in which the New Testament was composed and into which the Old Testament, or Septuagint, was translated from older Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts. Instead of the complex vowel system of Ancient Greek, with its four vowel-height levels, length distinction, and multiple diphthongs, Modern Greek has a simple system of five vowels. I can’t even find a edictionary that includes noun gender, let alone a decent textbook that doesn’t cost a fortune. I honestly haven't looked at the resource situation properly yet so that's good to know beforehand. The period of Koine Greek can be called a period of transition. But I did want to share with you one of my own personal goals that I’ve set this year which I’ve been itching to get started on for a long time now. I’ve decided to spend more time on other platforms getting my message out in different ways – in addition to writing. 4.There are some differences in the grammar between Koine Greek … I am very happy with that change, and will be teaching my son this coming school year. For a change, I want to keep this is as simple as possible in the beginning so I’m not going to overwhelm myself with Greek resources until I complete the MT audio course and assess its true value. I want to learn Classical Greek and was told modern was easier to start and gave you a good foothold. I have been learning koine and recently switched over to the modern pronunciation. I'm not sure how much a native Greek speaker will understand of Koine if they have absolutely zero knowledge of Ancient Greek. No doubt the vocabulary and syntax have changed significantly over time so I’m assuming it’ll be tough dealing with interference between the two (where one language confuses the other). 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