And God created the great sea-monsters, and every living creature that moveth, wherewith the waters swarmed, after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind: and God saw that it was good. Mencken, Broadway, and Hollywood, and was a huge public relations triumph for Darwinism. The earth, not the galaxies, appears here as the object of God's special care and providence. Ulam argues it was highly improbable for the eye to evolve by the accumulation of small mutations because the number of mutations must be so large and the time available was not nearly long enough for them to appear. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Genesis 1 is a grand symphony of a text: “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” It is majestic, liturgical, epic prose. Some have questioned this, of course; but we have never encountered any other adequate explanation of it. b. c. The trial was therefore inconclusive, but the “Scopes Monkey Trial” was presented to the world by sarcastic journalist H.L. He thought the “days” of Genesis referred not to 24-hour days, but to historical ages of indefinite duration. Man cannot fulfill God’s plan for him on the earth unless he populates it. ii. As Christ came into our world without sin, his true rank therefore was that of Adam, as God had created Adam, and before the Fall. a. d. “The story of human descent from apes is not merely a scientific hypothesis; it is the secular equivalent of the story of Adam and Eve, and a matter of immense cultural importance. We should be sure we understand both Nature and Scripture before we pronounce certainly on their agreement or disagreement, and it can hardly be said that either is quite understood. Zuckerman has subjected key fossils to years of biometric testing and declares that the idea that they walked and ran upright is flimsy wishful thinking. Leading the defense was Clarence Darrow, a famous criminal lawyer, and agnostic lecturer. Genesis 1:2. Modern Bible students have many other ideas. There is an ancient tradition that Moses wasthe author. The only intelligent answer to questions of this type appears in this verse. The heavens here include the first two and perhaps others of which we do not know. This commentary on Genesis 1 draws back the curtain on the fascinating pattern and order in each day of His creation. Could any process of creating light gradually even be imagined? Genesis 1:4 "And God saw the light, that [it was] good: and God divided the light from the darkness." The arguments among the experts are said to be about matters of detail, such as the precise time scale and the mechanism of evolutionary transformations. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Other phases of human likeness to God are seen in such things as freedom of will, moral responsibility, intellectual achievement, and creativity. The heavens were created on Day 1, and this means that the sun, moon and stars were already created when this fourth day began. God was pleased with His creation, and so are we! Though God does not have a physical body, He designed man so his physical body could do many of the things God does: see, hear, smell, touch, speak, think, plan, and so forth. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.". Cotterill, just quoted, saw their meaning as an implication, that "each day had its beginning and its close. Nevertheless, even in his fallen state, man retains something of the image of God, for every human being is potentially the beneficiary of the blood of Christ and an heir of everlasting life. And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. "And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so. It is vain to wonder if men or women are superior to the other. For Moses simply intends to assert that the world was not perfected at its very commencement, in the manner in which it is now seen, but that it was created an empty chaos of heaven and earth. Again from Jamieson: "By the creation of an atmosphere, the lighter parts of the waters which overspread the earth's surface were drawn up and suspended in the visible heavens, while the larger and heavier mass remained below. d. Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it; have dominion: God also gives man a job to do: fulfill God’s intention of man’s exercise of dominion over the earth. The patriarch Job marveled at this wonder: Some have considered it strange that such an expression as, "divide the waters from the waters" should have been used here, but, as it must be true in countless other instances, God was limited in His communication with mankind, not by any limitation within Himself, but by the limitations within man. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. Commentary on Genesis 1:1-5 View Bible Text . The giving being to that which before was not. iii. However, many have thought that being fruitful and multiplying was God’s only or main purpose for sex, but this isn’t the case. It was not merely a beginning of life, or of material things, but a beginning of ALL THINGS. Bryan believed in the Bible, but not literally. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. The teacher wasn’t even sure he had taught evolution, but the trial went ahead. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . The teeming myriads of earth's creatures, including man, are all here as a result of the creative and active will of the eternal God Himself. This passage of Genesis gives us an overview of God’s creation of man, and Genesis 2 will explain how exactly God created male and female. So God created man in His own image: God created man according to His plan as described in Genesis 1:26. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. If it should be supposed that God launched a waste and void earth upon a journey that required billions of years to accomplish His wise designs, then, God's power in doing a thing like that is one and the same thing as His ability to have spoken the perfect and completed earth into existence instantaneously. The sacred account before us is the only intelligent answer as to the reason for our earth's existence as it is. But we can see thatGenesis is a very old book. c. Then God blessed them: the first thing God did for man was to bless him. When God pronounced the creation good, He really meant it. And God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the ground after its kind: and God saw that it was good.". (1,2) The creation of light. And the earth brought forth grass, herbs, yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, wherein is the seed thereof, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. “When outsiders question whether the theory of evolution is as secure as we have been led to believe, we are firmly told that such questions are out of order. Study Genesis 1 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. i. Additionally, God gave mankind a desire for sex, which would make the populating of the earth quick and likely. In this sense, it is sin if man does not use this dominion responsibly, in the sense of a proper regard for stewardship on this earth. Verse 26 People are images of God. Darrow maneuvered Bryan to take the stand as an expert witness on the Bible, and he humiliated Bryan in a devastating cross-examination. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. John Calvin :: Commentary on Genesis: Chapter 1 ← Back to John Calvin's Bio & Resources. He also regards much of the fossil evidence for human evolution as nonsense. They simply believe once you ignore the creating hand of God, it is the only explanation available, so their job is to figure out how it works, not if it is true. I. To God, the differences between men and women are not accidents. However, "days" are surely mentioned here; and before deciding that we know exactly the duration of them, there is a point of wisdom in remembering that God has revealed some things in the Bible which shed a great deal of light upon this very question: "But forget not this one thing, beloved, that ONE DAY is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as ONE DAY" (2 Peter 3:8). That such a special creation of the earth did indeed occur appears to be absolutely certain, as attested by the utter failure of man to discover any evidence whatever of life anywhere else except upon earth. The creation of the spiritual, invisible, and eternal world, whether inhabited by the holy or fallen angels, is not here included or noticed. And God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. The word contains less an aesthetic judgment than a designation of purpose and correspondence to God’s will, indicating the moral goodness of the Creation. It seems highly improbable that the creation of light merely means the making of light visible upon the earth. Inside the Museum, the relics were placed behind bullet-proof glass to be admired by a select preview audience of anthropologists, who spoke in hushed voices because ‘It was like discussing theology in a cathedral.’ A sociologist observing this ritual of the anthropologist tribe remarked, ‘Sounds like ancestor worship to me.’”. In our day, many say there is no real difference between men and women. Genesis 1, Adam Clarke Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Man’s pre-eminence of the created order and his ability to affect his environment is no accident; it is part of God’s plan for man and the earth. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Seemingly, before the flood, the human race was vegetarian, but after the flood, man was given permission to eat the flesh of animals (Genesis 9:3). Biblical Commentary Genesis 1:1-5 EXEGESIS: GENESIS 1:1—2:4a. "And, behold, it was very good ..." The goodness and wisdom of God are thus attested by the goodness of his creation. The passage should be translated, "Fill the earth and subdue it. Needless to say, the divine image has been grossly eroded in many of Adam's rebellious and sinful children. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Many learned men have written extensively concerning the multitude of physical and environmental factors which appear to be absolutely unique, found upon earth alone, the sum total of which supports and sustains life on our planet. "[4] i. When critics ask, ‘Is your theory really true?’ we should not be satisfied to be answered that ‘it is good science, as we define science.’” (Johnson). A man is absolutely superior at being a man. i. How is our interpretation of the creation story in Genesis 1 deepened when we consider its ancient historical and cultural context? The primary reason God created sex was to contribute to the bonding of a one-flesh relationship. Others connect the words with progression from darkness to light, a movement upward to higher and higher forms of life in the cycle of creation. b. Without the goodness of God’s blessing, human life would be not only unbearable but also impossible. And, from this, it is mandatory to conclude that the special mention of "the earth" in this verse indicates the special creation of that essential environment without which life would be impossible, as is the case, apparently, everywhere else in the sidereal universe. The lesser dominion of the animals over the vegetable world was also noted in Genesis 1:30. The experts therefore have a vested interest in protecting the story, and in imposing rules of reasoning that make it invulnerable. (6-13) God forms the sun, moon, and stars. As to the manner in which God made man in His image, it is significant that man himself is a trinity - having mind, spirit, and body. "And God said, Let us ..." The plural word [~'Elohiym] is used here; and the most logical understanding of it is that of seeing in it a foreshadowing of the doctrine of the Trinity revealed ages afterward in the N.T. "[7] Therefore, God said, "Divide the waters (liquid) from the waters (gaseous).". "And darkness was upon the face of the deep ..." This is a reference to the state of the earth when it was waste and void. "And God said, Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the firmament of heaven. The recurring mention of "after their kind" forbids the notion that various species upon the earth from themselves produced other species. The gravitational influence of the moon, the exact composition of atmospheric gases, the atypical behavior of water when it freezes, the atmospheric mantle of protection, the exact inclination of the earth upon the plane of its orbit giving the seasons, the exact distance of the earth from the sun, etc., etc. And God set them in the firmament of heaven to give light upon the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from darkness: and God saw that it was good. Others connect the words with progression from darkness to light, a movement upward to higher and higher forms of life in the cycle of creation. This passage, of course, refers to the humiliation of Christ, whose being made "a little lower" than angels actually means "made lower for a little while," in the matter of his passion and death; for the same passage indicates that man, as he was created, ranked higher than angels, for, "Not unto angels did he subject the world to come," an honor reserved for man. Sermon Bible Commentary. The stacking of water miles deep upon the polar caps of the earth, the fracture of the earth's crust by mighty cracks, and earthquakes thrusting above the primeval seas, the continents, and the mighty mountain systems are things which men suppose took place. These disagreements are signs not of crisis but of healthy creative ferment within the field, and in any case there is no room for doubt whatever about something called the ‘fact’ of evolution” (Johnson). "And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. For example, if some theory regarding how our galaxy (the universe) began from the explosion of a dense star, should be received as true, then how did the dense star begin? i. * 1 In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth a — 2 * and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters— b 3 Then God said: Let there be light, and there was light. In humans, the duration of the sexual interlude is longer and the intensity of the pleasure of sex is stronger, and only humans continue to have intercourse after the end of fertility. The Midrash Aggadah (Gen. Rabbah 8:1, Ber. Like many well-known biblical … Continue reading "Commentary on Genesis 1:1-5" God made all things "ex nihilo. iii. The Story of Creation. "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness ..." It is the kinship of humanity to God Himself that shines in this, a conception that is launched here and is never diminished until the God-Man Himself, "The Lamb standing as though it had been slain" (Revelation 5:6), is seen in the very midst of the throne of God! This shows us that light is more than a physical substance; it also has a supernatural aspect. When it is considered that the very same day mentioned here in Genesis and called here the "seventh day," using the very same word for "day" as was used for the other six days, there appears to be imposed upon us the utmost restraints and caution with reference to any dogmatic postulations about exactly HOW LONG any of those days was. f. In Our image, according to Our likeness: The terms for image and likeness are slightly different. CHAPTER 1. e. To you it shall be for food: God gave man dominion over the whole earth, but only vegetation is specifically mentioned as being for food. Some see it as the Hebrew method of reckoning days from sunset to sunset, concluding therefore that these were ordinary twenty-four hour days. It is not necessary to postulate billions of years between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 in order to help God find the time to do all that He did for our earth. There was light: Genesis tells us that light, day, and night each existed before the sun and the moon were created on the fourth day (Genesis 1:14-19). ", "And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.". Changes will take effect once you reload the page. People who believed in God’s creation came to be thought of as fools and hicks, and evolution was given the veneer of respectability. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1973. There is certainly no impediment to a childlike acceptance of the days of Genesis as ordinary days in exactly the same manner that the first generation to receive this revelation in all probability accepted them, as most of our parents understood them, and as every soul humbled by a consciousness of the phenomenal ignorance of mankind may also find joy in believing and accepting them, fully aware, of course, that there may be, indeed must be, oceans of truth concerning what is revealed here that men shall never know until we see our Savior face to face. God said, ‘Let us make people.’ He did not say, ‘I will makepeople.’ Perhaps he said ‘us’ because he is 3 persons. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. - these and literally hundreds of other peculiar and necessary factors come together to make life possible on earth. There is absolutely nothing either unreasonable or hard to understand about this. Therefore, we identify the placement that made all such things possible as the creative accomplishment of this day. The completeness of these actions is also inherent in such a statement as this. die Erde aber war wüst und wirr, Finsternis lag über der Urflut und Gottes Geist schwebte über dem … It means humans possess spirituality: man is made for communion with God. 1. Scholars generally agree that the creation story in Genesis is divided into two accounts from two sources. Read Genesis 1 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). Genesis 1:1, 2.THE CREATION OF HEAVEN AND EARTH. Some scholars think they have the solution to the meaning of those evening and morning days in the application of them to the successive tableaux or visions by which they were revealed to the author of Genesis, instead of accepting them as a chronological blueprint of successive events in creation, but there are grave difficulties in accepting such a viewpoint. It is the entire kingdom of plant life, or vegetation, that appeared on the third day, not simultaneously with the divisions of the seas and dry land, but in a separate creative act. God then separated the light from the darkness. As Goldschmidt put it, ‘This time I was not only crazy but almost a criminal’… To suppose that such a random event could reconstruct even a single complex organ like a liver or kidney is about as reasonable as to suppose that an improved watch can be designed by throwing an old one against the wall” (Johnson). The intelligence of the Supreme Being, His concern with and His interest in the affairs of His creation, and His personal preference for that which is "good" appear as legitimate deductions from what is revealed here. Study the bible online using commentary on Genesis 1 and more! The simple meaning of the verse is that here Scripture informs you that they were both created on the sixth [day], but it does not explain to you how they were created, and it explains [that] to you elsewhere. And he wasnot merely recording ancient history. Jamieson pointed out that the term "firmament" carries the meaning of "an expanse ... the beating out as of a plate of metal,"[5] suggesting the utility of a shield, an apt figure indeed when it is recalled that the earth would long ago have been destroyed by showers of meteorites (as upon the moon) had it not been for the protection of our atmosphere. God alone is revealed here as the Source of life as well as the Source of all material things. _____, Genesis 12-50. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. In the 1920’s, a former substitute teacher in a Tennessee school volunteered to be the defendant in a case meant to challenge a state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in the public schools. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.". And there was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.". It cannot be believed that God discussed the creation with the angels and included them as participants in His decision to create man. Significantly, such things as signs, day and night, seasons, and years are categorically mentioned as the result of creation on Day 4. Based upon what the holy text says, the creative act of Day 4 was the positioning of our solar system by Divine fiat in such a manner as to provide the environment for humanity. One of the saddest signs of our culture’s depravity is the amount and the degree of gender confusion today. In this series of commentaries, we are concerned with what the Bible says, because it is the Word of God; and, a single syllable of it outweighs all of the vain speculations of unbelieving and sinful men. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is absolutely irreversible. Genesis 1:1, ESV: "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth." Genesis 1:1. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. "[10] In fact, the special thrust of this entire creation narrative is pointed squarely at the emergence of man upon earth as the crowning act of all creation! There is no record of previous populations that sometimes are alleged from what is written here to have existed prior to humanity. God spoke the word, and it was done. The idea that a slow, progressive evolution could produce a complex mechanism like the human body just doesn’t hold up. For the preposterous and irresponsible fulminations of critical enemies of the Bible, and their utter futility and incompetence to cast any believable shadow upon the sacred truth here revealed, reference is made to the Introduction to Genesis elsewhere. The great Christian doctrines of the Incarnation and the Virgin Birth are part and parcel of this.

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