He was the son of Warcisław VII, the Duke of Pomerania. He had to yield to the demands of both the Holsteiners and the Hanseatic League. However, when Albert attempted to introduce reduction of their large estates, they quickly turned against him. Eric was born in 1382 in Rügenwalde (Darłowo). Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. From contemporary sources, Eric appears as intelligent, visionary, energetic and a firm character. At the same time, a union treaty was drafted, declaring the establishment of what has become known as the Kalmar Union. Another important event was his making Copenhagen a royal possession in 1417, thereby assuring its status as the capital of Denmark. On 8 September 1389, he was hailed as King of Norway at the Ting in Trondheim. Christopher of Bavaria was the son of Johann, Count Palatine of Neumarkt (1383–1443) and Catherine of Pomerania (c. 1390–1426). Get the best deals on Eric of Pomerania (1396-1439), shop the largest numismatic marketplace at MA-Shops.com King of Scandinavia. Eric of Pomerania (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was the ruler of the Kalmar Union from 1396 until 1439, succeeding his grandaunt, Queen Margaret I.He is numbered Eric III as King of Norway (1389–1442), Eric VII as King of Denmark (1396–1439) and Eric XIII [lower-alpha 1] as King of Sweden (1396–1434, 1436–39). Eric of Pomerania turned pirate after he was a king: is it better to be a pirate than the ruler of Sweden. She therefore rejected the English proposals. He reputedly refused the offer. Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow led the burghers of Greifswald and Stralsund in an attempt to arrest Eric. Eric of Pomerania was no more than six at the time when he was bestowed as the future king by Margaret. In 1389, Albert's forces were defeated at the Battle of Falköping in Västergötland. in Darłowo in Pomerania. He belonged to the Griffin Dynasty and reigned for 43 years. In further disrespect of the city's rights he ordered local peasants to aid him. The double wedding did not come off, but Eric's wedding to Philippa was successfully negotiated. Grolier Inc. 1999. as Eric I. Sweden soon split again. In 1456, Eric took over … Mecklenburg's Duke Henry took a mediator role and the Mecklenburgian army moved eastward following the Tollense River, a Brandenburgian army advanced to the North from the Uckermark following the Randow River. Albert and his son Erik were captured when their horses became mired in mud so deep they could not escape. The wedding was accompanied by a purely defensive alliance with England. The marriage of these distant relatives granted Eric II access to Eric I's lands in Farther Pomerania. During the 1430s the policy of the king fell apart. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. Also, Eric I arranged the Lauenburg-Bütow Land at the Pomerelian border to be granted by the Polish king to Eric II on January 3, 1455, as a reward for aiding Poland in her struggles with the Teutonic Knights. On 17 June 1397, he was crowned a king of the three Nordic countries in the cathedral of Kalmar. Thank You for bidding! In Norway, a peasant rebellion led by Amund Sigurdsson (1400–1465), rebelled against King Erik and his officials, besieging Oslo and Akershus Castle. Amer., 1983: v. 10, p. 547 (Eric of Pomerania, 1381-1459. Her maternal grandparents were Eric II, Duke of Schleswig (reigned 1312–1325) and Adelaide of Holstein-Rendsburg.[3]. [7], Eric's full title was: King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the Wends and the Goths, Duke of Pomerania[8], 18th century monument in Landskrona inscription states that the town was founded by king Erik XIII in 1413, Gyldendal og Politikens Danmarkshistorie, book 6, 1400 – 1500, by Troels Dahlerup, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Ingeborg of Denmark, Duchess of Mecklenburg, His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. His respite was temporary — the Swedish nobility soon enlisted the Danish regent's help to remove Albert from the Swedish throne. Because Eric did not respect Wartislaw X's rights as a co-ruler, Wartislaw sought for an alliance with the Margraviate of Brandenburg on 6 September 1459 in Angermünde. Margaret lost no time and sent an army into Sweden to attack Albert while the Swedish nobles raised their own army to drive him out of the country. He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg. He may have been crowned King of Norway in Oslo in 1392, but this is disputed. Royal seal of Eric of Pomerania (1398) depicting: (Centre): a lion rampant crowned maintaining an axe (representing Norway) within an inescutcheon upon a cross over all; Quarterly: in Dexter Chief, three lions passant in pale crowned and maintaining a Danebrog upon a semy of hearts (representing Denmark); in Sinister Chief: three crowns (representing Sweden or the Kalmar Union); in Dexter Base: a lion rampant (Folkung lion) (representing Sweden); and in Sinister Base: a griffin segreant to sinister (representing Pomerania). He reputedly refused the offer. He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg. Greifen von Pommern-Wolgast, Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast, was born circa1425 to Wartislaw IX. They split the duchy with Wartislaw X receiving the principality of Rügen (with Rügen, Barth, Tribsees and Grimmen) while Eric received the eastern parts. To him Eric handed over Gotland in return for the permission to leave for Pomerania. The statement is difficult to agree or disagree with because it is tied to a historical past when trade and trade routes were controlled by kings helping them earn revenues for themselves and their kingdoms. On 2 August 1387, Olav Håkonsson, King of Denmark since he was five years old and King of Norway since the death of his father, died unexpectedly at seventeen years of age. Eric II or Erich II (between 1418 and 1425 – 5 July 1474) was a member of the House of Pomerania (also known as the House of Griffins) and was the ruling Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. A contemporary picture of Eric. Eventually he returned to Pomerania, where he died in 1459. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. By this he secured a large stable income for his kingdom that made it relatively rich and which made the town of Elsinore flowering. This led to conflicts with Otto III, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin and even Eric I. Their son Albert was a rival of Olaf Haakonsson in regard to the Danish succession in 1375. Notable ancestors includeHenry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne … DENMARK, ERIC OF POMERANIA (1396–1439) STERLING, LUND Each additional item (coin,banknote,badge,postcard,stamp, etc.) He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. He was buried in Eldena Abbey near Greifswald and was succeeded by his son Bogislaw X. Eric II married Sophia of Pomerania-Stolp. Eric of Pomerania with Margaret I of Denmark at his coronation. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlier rival, Count Theodoric of Oldenburg. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 3 May 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus) [1] of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). It took until 1395 for Margaret to force Albert's supporters out of Stockholm. The long war was a strain on the Danish economy as well as on the unity of the north. She wanted the kingdoms to be unified and peaceful and hence, chose the son of her father's surviving granddaughter, Boguslaw, to be named heir. Eric of Pomerania KG (1381 or 1382 – 24 September 1459) was King Eric (Eirik) III of Norway (1389–1442), King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King Eric (Ericus) XIII (VIII) of Sweden (1396–1439; known there in history mainly as Erik av Pommern). He was the son of Wartislaw IX of Pomerania-Wolgast and Sophia of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1462, daughter of Eric IV of Saxe-Lauenburg). King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden and Duke of Pomerania-Stolp) When the Danish nobility opposed his rule and refused to ratify his choice of Bogislaw IX, Duke of Pomerania as the next King of Denmark, he left Denmark and settled at his castle Visborg in Gotland, apparently a kind of a “royal strike” which led to his deposition by the National Councils of Denmark and Sweden in 1439. They were put into chains and sent by Queen Margaret to Scania, where Albert was imprisoned in Lindholmen Castle. In 1388, several of the Swedish nobles wrote secretly to Margaret telling her that if she could rid them of Albert, they would make her Regent. The next monarch (reigned 1448–81) was Eric's kinsman, Christian I of Denmark, who was the son of Eric's earlie… Almost the whole of Eric’s sole rule was affected by his long-standing conflict with the Counts of Schauenburg and Holstein. From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie),[6] as Eric I. He married Sophia von Pommern (c1435-1497) 1451 JL . Eric of Pomerania was King Eric III of Norway (1389–1442) Norwegian Eirik, King Eric VII of Denmark (1396–1439), and King of Sweden (1396–1439) known there mainly as Erik av Pommern. After the death of his father, Wartislaw IX, later in 1457, Eric received Pomerania-Wolgast together with his younger brother, Wartislaw X. After he had been deposed as king in Sweden and Denmark, the Norwegian Riksråd remained loyal to him, and wanted him to remain king of Norway only. King Eirik III of Pomerania (a.k.a. In 1396 he was proclaimed as king in Denmark and then in Sweden. In 1466 Eric II and Wartislaw X were granted liens by the elector of Brandenburg at Soldin. With his wife, he had nine children: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eric_II,_Duke_of_Pomerania&oldid=951142727, Medieval nobility of the Holy Roman Empire, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 April 2020, at 18:25. Shipping and handling. Eric) 1389-1442 . We would also like to celebrate that we have now over 10300 followers on Facebook The belt is tablet woven in silk and gilded silver. [citation needed]. ", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Eric_of_Pomerania?oldid=4375639. In 1464, Eric's cousin Otto III of Pomerania-Stettin died of the Black Death, leaving both Eric and Wartislaw as well as Brandenburg's Frederick II with claims for inheritance. In August 1457, Eric was hunting in the forests near Horst, belonging not to his lands, but to the Hanseatic city of Greifswald. Eric II or Erich II, of the House of Pomerania (Griffins), (* between 1418 and 1425, † 1474), was Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast from 1457 to 1474. The emperor ordered Erich II and Wartislaw X to recognize the suzerainty of Brandenburg. He tried to regain South Jutland (Schleswig) which Margaret had been winning but he chose a policy of warfare instead of negotiations. In 1434 the farmers and mine workers of Sweden began a national and social rebellion which was soon used by the Swedish nobility in order to weaken the power of the king. found: Wikipedia website, 19 January 2015: Philippa of England (4 June 1394 - 5 January 1430, also known as Philippa of Lancaster, she was the Queen of Denmark, Sweden and Norway from 1406-1430, she was the consort to Eric of Pomerania who ruled three kingdoms, she was daughter of Henry Bolingbroke and his wife Mary de Bohun) Queen Margaret led a consistent foreign policy of not getting entangled in binding alliances and foreign wars. Upon the death in 1412 of Queen Regnant Margaret the Great, who was his great aunt and had adopted him, Eric ruled the three kingdoms himself. A few decades after the uneasy union of Norway and Sweden in 1319 and the subsequent split, Eric of Pomerania united back the crowns, along with Denmark's. The Rigsråd (Danish Thing) elected Queen Margaret as "all powerful lady and mistress and the Kingdom of Denmark's Regent". From 1449–59, Eric succeeded Bogislaw IX, as Duke of Pomerania and ruled Pomerania-Rügenwalde, a small partition of the Duchy of Pomerania-Stolp (Polish: Księstwo Słupskie), The Encyclopedia Americana. Aware that he would not withstand Brandenburg without allies, Eric sought to settle the conflict by allying with Poland and in 1470 invaded the Brandenburg Neumark. Perhaps Eric's most far-ranging act was the introduction of the Sound Dues (Øresundtolden) in 1429, which was to last until 1857. Queen Margaret, however, remained the de facto ruler of the three kingdoms until her death in 1412. But with the King isolated in Gotland, the Norwegian nobility also felt compelled to depose him in 1440. He was the first King of the Nordic Kalmar Union, succeeding his adoptive mother Margaret I of Denmark. In 1389 he was brought to Denmark to be brought up by Queen Margaret. The English side wanted these weddings to seal an offensive alliance between the Nordic kingdoms and England, which could have led to the involvement of the Nordic union on the English side in the ongoing Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. During this war he showed much energy and steadiness, but also a remarkable lack of adroitness. Erich II. In 1402, Queen Margaret entered into negotiations with King Henry IV of England about the possibility of an alliance between the Kingdom of England and the Nordic union. 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